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Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 1 It gives me great pleasure to introduce Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A Beginner s Guide to Family History in Cork. For many years queries about how to trace one s ancestors have been among the most frequently asked questions in our library branches throughout the county be it a local person trying to learn more about their family lineage or a tourist whose ancestors left the area in past generations. With this in mind the Local Studies staff set themselves a target of developing a beginner s guide to genealogy that could be handed out to members of the public. Their combined breadth of professional knowledge education and experience was brought to bear on the project and the resulting booklet is a practical user-friendly guide that targets exactly the kind of information needed by anyone researching their family history. The booklet takes the researcher through the potential sources of personal family history information that might be available such as the memories of elderly relatives the location of burial plots and old memorial cards. It then provides a comprehensive overview of the main religious and civil records available the coverage of each and how to access them. Our intention is that this booklet will be of use to family history researchers for many years to come whether they are resident in County Cork or further afield. Tracing your roots can be one of the most compelling eye-opening and fulfilling journeys that you will ever undertake. We hope that this guide will help you on the way. Eileen O Brien Acting County Librarian 2 So you want to begin searching for your ancestors but are unsure where to start.... For those new to the practice we hope this guide will point you in the right direction. Using the main sources available to trace ordinary people in County Cork in the 19th century we hope this guide will help set you on the right path to uncover information about your ancestors. Before beginning research the most important thing to do is talk to older family members and relatives and collect as much information as you can and try to decipher the fact from the fiction. One of the most useful pieces of information when carrying out family history research is the name of the parish or more importantly townland or street of origin. Always write down oral information and print off written records ensuring to note the source. Do not assume that you will remember everything. Sketch out a draft of your family tree with the information that you do have regardless of how little you think it is. Older family members may be able to tell you the location of a burial plot now. Remember this information may not be so easily attained in years to come. Visit any graves that you are aware of which contain relatives and ancestors and take photographs of headstones. Collect copies of memorial cards. Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 3 Catholic Parish records Carrying out family history research can be complicated at the best of times. Research in Cork is made all the more complex by virtue of the fact that Co Cork is divided into three Catholic Dioceses Cork & Ross Cloyne and parts of Kerry Diocese on the western boundary of Co Cork. Because civil registration only began in Ireland in 1864 parish registers are undoubtedly the greatest source for finding the majority of the population before that time. Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cork and Ross Dioc ese of y Kerr Map of the Dioceses in County Cork If your ancestors are from the Diocese of Cloyne (which stretches from Meelin in North West Cork to Youghal in the South East of the county) it may be worth obtaining a subscription to the Irish Family History Foundation website www.rootsireland.ie The start dates vary enormously with Blarney baptisms beginning in 1791 and extending right up to 1922 and conversely Aghinagh records beginning quite late in 1848 and finishing online in 1895. 4 If you are carrying out research in the Diocese of Cork and Ross (excluding the Deanery of Cork see Page 5) then a most useful and free website is www.irishgenealogy.ie which is managed by the Department of Arts Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Again the start dates on this website vary enormously with finish dates generally concluding around 1880. Original images of baptisms and marriages can be viewed for Cork and Ross on this website. If you are looking for post-1880 parish registers for the Skibbereen area it may be worth contacting Skibbereen Heritage Centre at skibbheritage1 gmail.com as they have computerised a number of parishes up to 1911. If you are looking for family who were from the parishes on the western fringes of the county which are in the Diocese of Kerry (eg. Boherbue Allihies etc) then the above website www. irishgenealogy.ie is also of use. The advantage of these Kerry Diocese records within Co Cork (which were computerised by the Kerry Skibbereen baptism parish register Genealogical Research Centre) is that some of them have a later finish date. For example Allihies baptisms are available up to 1911 on this website. In July 2015 the National Library of Ireland (NLI) made available online its microfilm images of Roman Catholic baptisms and marriages which were originally filmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The vast majority of parishes which were included were microfilmed up to approximately 1880. These images are available to view free of charge on www.registers.nli.ie This website is not searchable by name. It is necessary to specify a particular parish and then scroll through the pages as would be required with microfilm. As a result it is necessary to know the parish of origin of your ancestors before embarking on this website. Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 5 Other websites such as www.findmypast.ie and www.ancestry.com have used the images from the NLI website in order to index the records making the indexes searchable for most parishes in Ireland up to approximately 1880. If you are searching for individuals from the Deanery of Cork which includes Watergrasshill Glanmire Glounthaune Passage West Douglas Ballincollig St Mary s and St Annes (North Cathedral) St Patricks and Blackrock and you have not located them on any of the above websites it may be useful to contact localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie Map of the Deanery of Cork 6 Prior to the twentieth century Cork city consisted of five Roman Catholic parishes the North Cathedral St Patricks and Blackrock localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie and St Finbarrs South and SS Peter & Paul s www.irishgenealogy.ie St Marys and St Annes (North Cathedral) St Patricks Blackrock St Finbarrs South (South Parish) SS Peter & Pauls (Middle Parish) localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie www.irishgenealogy.ie www.irishgenealogy.ie Most Roman Catholic parishes in Ireland hold their original records (including the post 1880 timeframe) in local custody. Roman Catholic Parish ADRIGOLE AGHADA AGHINAGH ALLIHIES ARDFIELD & RATHBARRY AUGHADOWN BALLINCOLLIG BALLINHASSIG BALLINHASSIG (GOGGINS BALLYHEEDY & BALLYGARVAN BALLYCLOUGH BALLYDESMOND BALLYHEA BALLYMACODA BALLYVOURNEY BANDON BANTEER BANTRY BLACKROCK BLARNEY BOHERBUE (KILMEEN) BUTTEVANT CAHARAGH CARRIGALINE & TEMPLEBRIGID CARRIGTWOHILL Baptisms 1824-1910 1792-1895 1848-1895 1800-1911 1801-1876 1822-1880 1820-1905 1822-1827 1875-1881 1807-1922 1850-1911 1809-1922 1835-1899 1822-1895 1793-1881 1828-1922 1788-1880 1848-1899 1791-1922 1820-1904 1814-1907 1818-1881 1826-1880 1817-1922 Marriages 1830-1910 1785-1897 1858-1895 1823-1872 1800-1880 1822-1865 1823-1857 1821-1817 1875-1880 1805-1922 1815-1911 1811-1922 1836-1899 1871-1899 1790-1881 1828-1922 1788-1881 1848-1898 1779-1922 (Gap 1814-1821) 1863-1907 1820-1920 1818-1880 1826-1881 1818-1922 Website Repository irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie Diocese Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork Roman Catholic Parish CASTLEHAVEN & MYROSS CASTLELYONS CASTLEMAGNER CASTLETOWNROCHE CHARLEVILLE CHURCHTOWN CLONAKILTY CLONDROHID CLONTEAD CLOYNE COACHFORD COBH CONNA COURCEYS COUNTRY or BALLINSPITTAL DESERTSERGES DONERAILE DONOUGHMORE DOUGLAS DOUGLAS DOUGLAS & BALLYGARVAN DRIMOLEAGUE DROMTARIFFE DUNMANWAY ENNISKEANE ENNISKEANE & DESERTSERGES EYERIES FERMOY GLANMIRE GLANTANE GLANWORTH & BALLINDANGAN GLENGARRIFF GLOUNTHAUNE GRENAGH IMOGEELA INNISCARRA INNISHANNON IVELEARY KANTURK KILBRITTAIN KILDORRERY KILLAVULLEN KILLEAGH Baptisms 1855-1881 1791-1910 1832-1899 1810-1922 1827-1922 1812-1909 1809-1873 1807-1895 1809-1881 1791-1922 1820-1895 1812-1908 1832-1911 1800-1892 1817-1881 1815-1922 1803-1895 1812-1851 1812-1907 1851-1867 1817-1880 1801-1902 1818-1881 1813-1881 1826-1911 1827-1922 1806-1904 1829-1895 1836-1899 1846-1911 1813-1912 (Gap 1824-1826) Marriages 1830-1922 1832-1898 1811-1922 1774-1922 (Gap 1815-1827) 1813-1922 1811-1881 1822-1894 1812-1884 1791-1895 1820-1895 1812-1899 1844-1922 1819-1881 1815-1899 1790-1899 1812-1851 1812-1907 1851-1867 1817-1882 1832-1899 1818-1881 1813-1882 1823-1910 1828-1922 1803-1906 1858-1895 1836-1899 1847-1910 1813-1912 1840-1899 1834-1899 1814-1899 1825-1881 1816-1881 1824-1922 1810-1881 1803-1922 1806-1875 1823-1897 Website Repository irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie Cork County Library rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie Diocese Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Kerry Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne 7 (Gap 1804-1806 & 1817-1820) 1840-1899 1835-1899 1814-1895 1825-1881 1816-1881 1822-1922 1811-1881 1824-1912 1805-1922 1829-1896 8 Roman Catholic Parish KILMACABEA KILMEEN & CASTLEVENTRY KILMICHAEL KILMURRY KILMURRY MOVIDDY KILBONANE & CANNAVEE KILNAMARTYRA KILWORTH KINSALE LISGOOLD LISLEE ABBEYMAHON & DONOUGHMORE (BARRYROE) MACROOM MALLOW MEELIN MIDLETON MILFORD MILLSTREET Baptisms 1832-1881 1821-1880 1819-1881 1786-1881 1826-1872 1803-1894 1829-1919 1805-1881 1807-1895 1804-1873 1805-1898 1809-1922 1866-1922 1819-1899 1827-1922 1751-1903 (Gap 1844-1858) Marriages 1832-1881 1819-1881 1786-1825 1826-1879 1803-1895 1830-1899 1823-1881 1822-1899 1836-1873 1780-1899 1758-1922 1867-1922 1810-1899 Website Repository irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie Diocese Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Kerry (Gaps 1810-1817 & 1829-1831) (Gap 1855-1865) 1823-1922 1751-1903 (Gaps 1773-1825 & 1826-1849 & 1850-1854) (Gaps 1776-1822 & 1823-1849 & 1850-1853) MITCHELSTOWN MONKSTOWN MOURNEABBEY MUITERVARA MURRAGH & TEMPLEMARTIN NEWMARKET OVENS & AGLISH PASSAGE WEST (Gap 1802-1814) 1792-1899 1815-1899 1875-1883 1829-1907 1819-1881 1834-1881 1822-1922 1816-1833 1795-1910 rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross (Gaps Part 1826 & 1831 1845-1847) 1875-1881 1829-1907 1820-1881 1834-1864 1833-1922 1816-1833 1795-1910 RATH & THE ISLANDS (CAPE & SHERKIN) 1818-1881 RATHCORMAC 1792-1899 ROSSCARBERY & LISSEVARD 1814-1881 SCHULL EAST 1808-1881 SCHULL WEST 1827-1880 SHANDRUM 1793-1917 SKIBBEREEN 1814-1880 SKIBBEREEN & RATH SOUTH PARISH (ST FINBARRS SOUTH) 1752-1799 1819-1882 1829-1899 1820-1880 1809-1889 1827-1882 1793-1922 1837-1881 1753-1810 (Gap 1764-1771) (Gap 1758-1769 & Scanty 1775-1776) irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie rootsireland.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork Roman Catholic Parish SOUTH PARISH (ST FINBARRS SOUTH) SS PETER & PAULS ST MARY S & ST ANNE S (NORTH CATHEDRAL) ST PATRICK S Baptisms 1752-1880 1766-1881 1748-1904 1831-1899 (Very scanty up to 1836) Marriages 1751-1881 1766-1881 1748-1900 1832-1899 (Very scanty up to 1836) Website Repository irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library Cork County Library Diocese Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross 9 TIMOLEAGUE TRACTON ABBEY WATERGRASSHILL WATERGRASSHILL YOUGHAL 1842-1880 1802-1881 1856-1881 1836-1900 1803-1899 1843-1882 1840-1883 1802-1906 irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie irishgenealogy.ie Cork County Library rootsireland.ie Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cork & Ross Diocese of Cloyne Image of Patrick St Cork. Reproduced with permission from National Library of Ireland. Lawrence Collection. 10 Church of Ireland Parish records With the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland (Anglican church) in 1869 it became compulsory for Church of Ireland parishes to place their registers in the Public Records Office in Dublin (unless they could afford a safe in which to keep the registers). As a result approximately two thirds of Church of Ireland parishes had their records destroyed during the Irish Civil War in 1922 when the Four Courts within which the PRO was housed was destroyed by fire. Consequently no more than approximately one third of Church of Ireland parishes have records which survive. If you are looking for Church of Ireland ancestors from North Cork or parts of East Cork it may be worth looking at the list of parishes covered on www.rootsireland.ie If the parish you require is listed here it may be worth subscribing to the website. In addition the Cobh Genealogical Project has computerised a large number of records in Co Cork which survived 1922. Below is a list of what is completed from surviving records for the following Unions. Bandon Bantry Beara Carrigaline Clonmel Cloyne Douglas Fanlobbus Kinnegh Kilmoe Kinsale Kilgarriffe Mallow Moviddy St Lukes St Finbarres Templebreedy Youghal Ross Pat Mahony of the Cobh Genealogical Project can be contacted at pmahony52 yahoo.ie to commission a search. Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 11 The Representative Church Body (RCB) Library based in Dublin can be contacted at library ireland.anglican.org. Many Church of Ireland microfilm copies as well as some original registers are held at the RCB Library. This link http ireland.anglican.org cmsfiles pdf AboutUs library registers ParishRegistersTable.pdf provides a list of all the Church of Ireland parishes in Ireland along with a list of the dates for Baptisms Marriages and Burials. The RCB Library is not in a position to undertake research and therefore it is necessary to visit the library in person to investigate the records. Durrus Church of Ireland church 12 Civil Records (Births Marriages Deaths) after 1864 Civil registration of births marriages and deaths began in Ireland in 1864. Non-Catholic marriages began in 1845. Detailed civil records for Co Cork are not available online. However civil indexes are available to search on a number of free websites such as www. irishgenealogy.ie and www.familysearch.org as well as subscription websites www.findmypast.ie and www.ancestry.com As it is only possible to search the indexes under the Superintendant Registrar s District (formerly Poor Law Union) rather than the smaller area of the Registrar s District townland etc sometimes results can be quite ambiguous. The success rate of obtaining the correct index and subsequent correct certificate is very much dependent on the frequency of the name (both first and surname ) the amount of information available to the researcher and the timeframe. Killmallock Mitchelstown Mallow Fermoy Milstreet Youghal Lismore Kanturk Macroom Cork Midleton Bantry stle tow n Dunmanway Bandon Kinsale Ca Schull Skibbereen Clonakilty Map of the Superintendent Registrar s Districts in County Cork very much dependent on the frequency of the name (both first and surname ) the amount of information available to the researcher and the timeframe. [Image 16 Map of SRD s] It is It is important to understand the important to understand the difference ban index and a full a difference between etween an index and certificate. full certificate. Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork Caption Map of the Superintendent Registrar s Districts in County Cork 13 Birth Index of Patrick Riordan born 1876 in Mallow SRD (Courtesy of www.irishgenealogy.ie) To the right is a birth index for a Patrick Riordan born in the Superintendent Registrars District of Mallow in 1876. Unfortunately it does not provide a lot of information and for such a common name as Riordan in Co Cork it is necessary to order the birth certificate using the information provided in the index in order to obtain af copy of the1876 in Mallow SRD certificate. Caption Birth Index o Patrick Riordan born (Courtesy of www.irishgenealogy.ie) You can use this form contained in the link below to order a copy of You can ase this form to order the GRO in Roscommon. a PRO in Roscommon. u certificate from a copy of a certificate birth index for G atrick Riordan born in the Superintendent Registrars District of M Above is a from the 1876. Unfortunately it does not provide a lot of information and for http www.irishgenealogy.ie images content GRO_Documents such a common name as http www.irishgenealogy.ie images content GRO_Documents Form_for_DAHG_site.pdf Co Cork it is necessary to order the birth certificate using the information provided in the inde Form_for_DAHG_site.pdf to obtain a copy of the certificate. Birth certificate of f Patrick Riordan born 1876 n Mallow SRD Caption Birth certificate oPatrick Riordan born 1876 iniMallow SRD Above is the corresponding birth certificate for the Patrick can see entioned in the previous index. As mentioned in the previous index. As you Riordan m it provides much you can morepinformationmore information than the index such as date of birth parents names see it rovides much than the index such as date of birth parents Above is the corresponding birth certificate for the Patrick Riordan names townland etc. townland etc. [Image 18 GRO cert request from] 14 Application for photocopy of Birth Marriage Civil Partnership Death How do I apply By Post By Fax Our Address Office of the Registrar General Government Offices Convent Road Roscommon Co. Roscommon Ireland. Our Fax number 353 906632999 How do I pay Fee for each photocopy 4 Payment can be made by Cheque Postal Order Mastercard or Visa credit debit cards. The name of the applicant and the name on the credit debit card must be the same. Cheques should be made payable to Civil Registration Service . Only Euro cheques drawn on a branch of a bank located in the Republic of Ireland will be accepted. How will I receive my photocopy A photocopy can be posted or e-mailed to you. Please tick the relevant box. Post Details of person applying for the photocopy Applicant s Forename Full Postal Address Telephone No E-mail Address Details of photocopy required Applicant s Surname E-mail Columns 1 and 2 are mandatory and must be completed. Either Column 3 -- Group ID.or Column 4 Year Quarter Volume Page No. must be completed When you identify the record you require in the index the details will include EITHER the Group ID Number OR the Year Quarter Volume Page number. This index information will be used to identify the specific entry you require from the register. Type of Event i.e. B M CP D 1 Forename (s) And Surname (s) 2 Group I.D. 3 Year Quarter 4 Volume Page No Method of Payment Postal Order Credit Card Laser Visa Debit Card Cheque If paying by credit card debit card all of the following details must be furnished Name of Card Holder (Block Capitals) Credit Card Billing Address Signature of Cardholder Card Number Expiry Date(mm yyyy) 3 Security digits (located on the back of card) _________________________________________________________________________________________ Official Use DATE STAMP (Courtesy of www.irishgenealogy.ie) Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 15 A birth index for example includes the child s name the Superintendent Registrars District and the year of birth. Depending on the frequency of the name this information may be extremely vague and there may be no guarantee that you have located a matching index until you have purchased the certificate. It is important to remember that individuals often did not know their exact date of birth or age as we would today. Consequently there may appear to be discrepancies between birth certs baptism records ages on census returns or ages on ships passenger lists. When you receive the copy of the certificate hopefully you will have sufficient information to be able to deduce if it is a match. A major advantage of civil marriage records over church marriage records is the inclusion of the bride and grooms father s name as well as occupations. This can be enormously beneficial in going back a further generation. Image of Main St Skibbereen Co. Cork. Reproduced with permission from National Library of Ireland. Lawrence Collection. 16 Various websites have advantages and disadvantages in terms of searching the civil indexes. Birth indexes Birth indexes Marriage indexes Marriage indexes Death indexes 1900-1914 1928-1958 1882-1939 1845-1881 1940-1958 1864-1964 Irishgenealogy.ie Familysearch.org Irishgenealogy.ie Findmypast.ie Ancestry.com Irishgenealogy.ie Extends to 1964 (rather than 1958 on other websites) Mother s maiden name included Mother s maiden name included Both bride and groom included in single entry Spouse and 4 possible spouses included in single entry The subscription websites www.findmypast.ie and www. ancestry.com can be used for searching the civil indexes and these are the most clear-cut when searching for marriages outside of the 1882-1939 range. Irishgenealogy.ie does not provide age at death from approximately 1912 to 1920 so the alternative websites may be more informative for deaths during this timeframe. Currently irishgenealogy.ie has birth indexes up to 100 years ago marriage indexes up to 75 years ago and death indexes up to 50 years ago. It is not possible to endorse any one website over others as they all have their benefits and shortcomings depending on the timeframe and whether you are looking for a birth a marriage or a death index. Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 17 1901 and 1911 Census If you had ancestors living in Ireland in the early part of the 20th century it is always worth looking at the 1901 and 1911 census. It is important to remember that there are few surviving census remains before this time and there are no censuses currently available for consultation after 1911. The 1911 census in particular can be extremely informative in terms of providing an approximate year of marriage for a couple as well as the number of children born alive and those still living at the time of the census. The 1901 and 1911 censuses are available online on www.census. nationalarchives.ie search 901 and 1911 censuses are available online on www.census.nationalarchives.i The 1 It is possible to search online under the name (Search Census) possible to search online under the name (Search Census) or location (Browse). or location (Browse). Basic search fields for 1911 census. (Courtesy of www. nationalarchives.ie) The More search options selection can be particularly useful if your (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) ancestors had a rare or unusual occupation or were born in a county or country other than the one in which they were located on census night. census night. Caption Basic search fields for 1911 census. The More search options selection can be particularly useful if your ancestors had a occupation or were born in a county or country other than the one in which they w 18 The Hallihan Family census returns form from 1911. (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) The above information from the 1911 census on the Hallihan family from Bunanumera Ballymoney near Dunmanway should provide us with sufficient information to allow us to search for a marriage cert for John Hallihan and his wife Mary in approximately 1893 as well as potentially the birth certificates of at least some of the children. We can see that Mary had given birth to six children by 1911 of which five were still alive. Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 19 Burial records Gravestone Inscriptions Death notices etc Apart from the civil death indexes discussed above the area of burial records gravestone inscriptions etc can be confusing not least because many are not computerised and secondly there is no one central database or repository in which to find all these records. When looking for burial records it is important to consider that many graveyards and cemeteries in the southern half of Ireland do not have records beginning before the start of the 20th century. Secondly one needs to bear in mind that graveyards (i.e. a burial ground with a church attached) are usually under the jurisdiction of the Church while a cemetery (generally without a church) is by and large under the control of a local authority such as Cork City Council or Cork County Council. Abbeystrewery graveyard A limited number of burial registers are available online at www.corkarchives. ie collections cemeteryrecords while a small quantity of original registers are available for consultation at Cork City and County Archives. It is necessary to book in advance to view these collections. Contact archivist corkcity.ie A number of 20th century burial registers for parts of West Cork have been computerised by Skibbereen Heritage Centre. The details can be found at www.graveyards.skibbheritage.com Also on this website 20 is the West Cork Graveyard Survey which comprises of inscription details and photographs of headstones of eight burial grounds. For many other cemeteries it may be necessary to contact the registrar for the particular burial ground for further details. Contact localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie Headstone inscriptions have been indexed for various cemeteries in Co Cork. Examples of collections and journals in which to locate possible inscriptions include O Kief Coshe Mang which covers north-west Co Cork and the Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society both of which are available to view at the Local Studies Library at Cork County Library. The website www.historicgraves.com can be of particular use if the burial ground you are looking for has been indexed here. Photographs of headstones of many burial grounds in Ireland including numerous Co Cork graveyards are available to view. As the information has been transcribed it is possible to search under name graveyard etc. The ability to zoom in on the headstone images on the website is hugely advantageous. Map of burial grounds indexed in the Co o Cork area on www.historicgraves.com Caption Map of burial grounds indexed in the CCork area on www.historicgraves.com (Courtesy of www.historicgraves.com) (Courtesy of www.historicgraves.com) Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 21 Example of transcription and headstone from Kilgobnet Abbeyswell (Courtesy of www. historicgraves.com) Death notices in newspapers did not become commonplace in Ireland until their publication was made mandatory in the 1940s. Consequently prior to this the social class of the individual Caption Example of transcription a locating a death notice frequently determines the probability ofnd headstone from Kilgobnet Abbeyswell (Courtesy of www.historicgraves.com) for them today. Likely newspapers to search for such notices would be the Cork Examiner (now known asid not become commonplace in Ireland until their pthe was made the Irish Examiner) and ublication Death notices in newspapers d mandatory n the 1940s. onsequently prior to Cork newspapers Evening Echo. The Examiner ialong Cwith otherthis the social class of the individual frequently determines is available on microfilm andthe probability Coork Examiner eath nkotice for s tthem rish Examiner) and the Evening Echo. or on the f locating a d (now nown awebsite www. to search f The subscription he I today. Likely newspapers such notices would be the Examiner a Local Studies Library n m Cork n the subscription irishnewsarchive.com at thelong with other Cork newspapers is available oaticrofilm and oCounty website www.irishnewsarchive.com at the Local Studies Library at Cork County Library HQ. The Evening Echo is Library HQ. The Evening Echoork City Library local_studies corkcity.ie City Library local_ available at C is available at Cork studies corkcity.ie Death notices from The Cork Examiner 3 January 1908. Caption Death notices from The Cork Examiner 3 January 1908. (Courtesy of www.irishnewsarchive.com) (Courtesy of www.irishnewsarchive.com) 22 Griffith s Valuation Griffith s Valuation was completed for Co Cork between approximately 1851 and 1853 and it was the first comprehensive survey of practically all those who held property - landlord or tenant. Because there are virtually no surviving census records for around this timeframe Griffith s Valuation can be a useful source in pinpointing a surname to a specific townland or street. The Primary Valuation along with maps can be accessed online at www.askaboutireland.ie griffith-valuation. Although not vital it is useful to know the name of the civil parish of your ancestor in order to hone in on the townland. The information provided includes the head of household the immediate lessor or landlord and the number of acres within the holding. The immediate lessor may be the landowner or possibly a middleman. The numbers and letters on the left can be especially useful at locating the property on a map which is also provided online. For example we can see in this instance below that Thomas Doherty was a tenant of William Coppinger of Barryscourt near Carrigtwohill around 1853 when he was renting 52 acres 1 rood and 17 perches. A small letter after a number for example 3a indicates a house within the parcel of land. Griffiths Valuation for the townland of Barryscourt in 1853 Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors Map 1beginner s guidef to family Barryscourt Cork years after Griffi Parcel o land 3A in history in some A of 5 (Courtesy of www.askaboutireland.ie) 23 Map 1 of 5 Parcel of land 3A in Barryscourt some years after Griffiths 5aluation f land 3a in Barryscourt at the time of Griffiths Map 3 of Map 1 of 5 Map 3 of 5 V Parcel o Parcel of land 3A in Barryscourt some Parcel of land 3a in Barryscourt at the time of Griffiths Valuation (1853) years afterf www.askaboutireland.ie) (Courtesy o Griffiths Valuation (Courtesy of www.askaboutireland.ie) (Courtesy of www.askaboutireland.ie) (Courtesy of www.askaboutireland.ie) [Image07 Cottage] While the coloured maps (1 of 5) provided on www.askaboutireland.ie are not of the same period as Griffiths Valuation they are easier to browse than the black and white (3 of 5) contemporaneous maps on the same website. Map 3 of 5 Parcel of land 3a in Barryscourt at the time of Griffiths Valuation (1853) (Courtesy of www.askaboutireland.ie) [Image07 Cottage] 24 Tithe Applotment Books The Tithe Applotment Books were compiled in Ireland between 1823 and 1837. They were created in order to establish how much occupiers of land of more than one acre should pay in taxes to the Church of Ireland. As the majority of the population was Roman Catholic it was a much resented tax. Like Griffiths Valuation it only lists the head of household but yet again it can be useful in pinpointing a surname to a particular townland. If you Tithe Applotment Books think that your ancestors may have been farmers - even small The Tithe Applotment Books w1820s 1830s between 1823 and 1837. They were created in TABs on www. farmers - in the ere compiled in Ireland it is worth searching the order to establish how much occupiers of land of more than one acre should pay in taxes to the Church titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie Remember that the tithes of Ireland. As the majority of the population was Roman Catholic it was a much resented tax. Like Griffiths the Civil parish and not ut yet again it can be useful in pinpointing a use Valuation it only lists the head of household b the Roman Catholic parish boundary. surname to a particular townland. If you think that your ancestors may have been farmers - even small farmers - in the 1820s 1830s it is worth searching the TABs on www.titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie Remember that the tithes use the Civil parish and not the Roman Catholic parish boundary. In this example we are searching for Brew s in the civil parish of Donaghmore Co Cork. As it is not a very common surname the In this example we are searching for Brew s in the with justonaghmore Co Cork. As it is not a county. search is kept quite wide civil parish of D the surname and very common surname the search is kept quite wide with just the surname and county. Search page for Tithe Applotments (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) Caption Search page for Tithe Applotments (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) There is only one possible match out of the nine results i.e. James Brew. We can also see that the tithes for the parish of Donaghmore were created in 1833. There is only one possible match out of the nine results i.e. James Brew. We can also see that the tithes for the parish of Donaghmore were created in 1833. Caption Results of searches of Brew s in Co Cork (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) Results of searches of Brew s in Co Cork (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) By clicking on the name of the individual we can view a copy of the original record. We can see from the Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 25 By clicking on the name of the individual we can view a copy of the original record. We can see from the second entry here that James Brew held 52 acres at Kilmartin in 1833 and the amount payable to the Church of Ireland by him was 2 12 shillings and 8 pence per year. Tithe Applotments for the townland of Kilmartrane Donaghmore in 1833 (Courtesy of www.nationalarchives.ie) 26 Conclusion Whatever the outcome finding a tiny nugget of information which opens up a whole new path of discovery provides immense satisfaction when carrying out family history research. However locating records of ancestors before the start of the 19th century can be extremely difficult as few parishes in Co Cork with the exception of a small number of city parishes have records before this timeframe. In addition it is rare that the parent s names are known in these circumstances thereby making it difficult to verify a match even if one is located. Parish records are an important foundation to genealogical research in Ireland but they are by no means the only source. They need to be used in conjunction with other sources covered in this guide civil records census returns the various death burial and gravestone records as well as where possible Griffiths Valuation and Tithe Applotments. The aim of this publication is to provide a basic overview of the primary sources for family history research in Co Cork. If you have any questions or queries please feel free to contact us in the Local Studies library (localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie) Best of luck with your research Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 27 Websites www.rootsireland.ie www.irishgenealogy.ie www.registers.nli.ie www.findmypast.ie www.ancestry.com www.ireland.anglican.org www.familysearch.org www.census.nationalarchives.ie www.corkarchives.ie www.graveyards.skibbheritage.com www.historicgraves.com www.irishnewsarchive.com www.askaboutirelnad.ie griffith-valuation www.titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie 28 Contacts Cork County Library Carrigrohane Road Cork localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie Telephone 00 353 21 4546499 Local Studies Library Skibbereen Heritage Centre Old Gas Works Skibbereen Co Cork skibbheritage1 gmail.com Telephone 00 353 28 40900 Cobh Genealogical Project Cobh Co Cork pmahony52 yahoo.ie Telephone 00 353 21 4813307 Braemor Park Churchtown Dublin 14 library ireland.anglican.org Telephone 00 353 1 492 3979 The Representative Church Body (RCB) Library Seamus Murphy Building 32 Great William O Brien Street Cork archivist corkcity.ie Telephone 00 353 21 4505 876 Cork City and County Archives Walking in the Footsteps of your Ancestors A beginner s guide to family history in Cork 29 Cork County Library Carrigrohane Road Cork Telephone 021- 4546499 www.corkcoco.ie library localstudieslibrary corkcoco.ie www.facebook.com corkcocolibrary www.twitter.com corkcolibrary Local Studies Library